In recent years, many clinical studies have been performed to compare outcomes of PIVCs that were changed routinely against those that were only changed when clinically indicated (presence of a complication, infection, device malfunction, etc.). With over 300 million PIVCs sold in the US every year, the economic and clinical outcomes of such a policy change could be vast (2).
The average day shift nurse will walk 4-5 miles, burning over 1,400 calories in a 12-hour shift. To put it in perspective, restaurant servers walk 4 miles, custodians walk 5.2 miles, and retail floor staff walk 3 miles per shift. One might think that with all the walking that nurses do, they must be generally healthy; think again. Multiple studies have found that ~54% of nurses are either overweight or obese, those nurses citing job stress and poor sleep from long, irregular work hours as the cause.