IV FAILURE CAUSES AN ENORMOUS CASCADE OF EVENTS

The chart to the right shows the clinically reported rate for the three most common mechanical complications (infiltration, phlebitis and dislodgement) to peripheral IVs along with how often they would occur at the average size hospital.(4) If these complications occur independently from one another, the average hospital will see approximately 17,535 peripheral IV complications a year. That is almost 50 peripheral IV complications a day, in a 160 bed hospital.(3)

 Number of complications occurring annually at the average size US hospital - 160 beds.

Number of complications occurring annually at the average size US hospital - 160 beds.

 peripheral IVs, PIVs, IV lines, IV complications, mechanical complications, central lines, infiltration, phlebitis, dislodgment, dislodgement, hospitals, IV dislodgment, IV dislodgement, CVC, PICC, IV failure, patients, health

Patients:

  • Anxiety and stress of dealing with a dislodgement

  • Physical pain of IV dislodgement

  • Delay in treatment until IV line can be re-established

  • Physical pain of IV re-insertion

  • Potential IV complications

  • Potential for additional sedation to insert new IV

 peripheral IVs, PIVs, IV lines, IV complications, mechanical complications, central lines, infiltration, phlebitis, dislodgment, dislodgement, hospitals, IV dislodgment, IV dislodgement, CVC, PICC, IV failure, patients, health

Medical Professionals:

  • Anxiety and stress of dealing with a dislodgement

  • Finding a new viable vein

  • Determine whether IV fluids or medications need reordering

  • Average time of 24 minutes to re-establish IV access (5)

  • Hospital room clean-up

 peripheral IVs, PIVs, IV lines, IV complications, mechanical complications, central lines, infiltration, phlebitis, dislodgment, dislodgement, hospitals, IV dislodgment, IV dislodgement, CVC, PICC, IV failure, patients, health

Hospitals:

  • Expense of supplies and labor for peripheral IV line insertion can range from $41 to over $125 (5)

  • Decreased patient satisfaction

  • Treating potential IV complications

  • Employees performing non-value added work

  • Dealing with potential infection and safety issues

When a peripheral IV is lost from dislodgement, it is a costly, painful, and time consuming event. In an independent research study performed at Deaconess Hospitals in Indiana, researchers found that PIV dislodgement costs $48 on average. To learn more about the ‘Ripple Effect’ of IV dislodgement, click on the button to the right.

Maintaining IV Function Paper

IVs are failing prematurely 46% of the time, and hospitals are changing their policies to restart IV lines only as necessary.  The need to maintain IV function is more important than ever.  For a short paper on maintaining IV function please fill out the information below:

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MKG-0027 09/17


1. Alexandrou, E., et al., International Prevalence of the Use of Peripheral Intravenous Catheters. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2015; 10(8): 530-533.

2. Global Peripheral I.V. Catheter Market Size, Share, Development, Growth and Demand Forecast to 2022. P&S Market Research. 2015

3. Data on file and available upon request.

4. Helm, R. E., et al., Accepted but Unacceptable: Peripheral IV Catheter Failure. JOurnal of Infusion Nursing. 2015; 38(3): 189-203. 

5. Goff, D. A., REsource Utilization and Cost of Inserting Peripheral Intravenous Catheters in Hospitalized Children. Hospital Pediatrics. 2013; 3(3): 185-191.